The music of South Africa is quite famous in the world. Their music reflects the culture of South Africa. South Africa music includes popular and folk forms e.g. Zulu singing and harmonic Mbaqanga. South Africa holds a wide global music industry.

History Before the 20th century

An early record of music in pre 20th century in South Africa shows the reflection of cultural traditions: African, Asian, and European.

Moreover, in 1897, the South African national anthem Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika wote by modern country’s early famous musician Enoch Sontonga. Later, South Africa music gradually got better and better. By the end of the 19th century, the city of South Africa Cape Town was large enough to attract the musicians of foreign, especially American ragtime players. Orpheus McAdoo’s Jubilee Singers get popular as African-American singers In the 1890s.


Governmental restrictions on black people increased in the early period of the 20th century. Such as a nightly curfew and its impact kept the nightlife in Johannesburg relatively small for a city of its size. Marabi is basically a style creates in the slums of Johannesburg. Also was the early “popular music” of the townships and urban areas of South Africa.

Furthermore, Marabi played on pianos by South Africa musicians with accompaniment from pebble-filled cans, often in shebeens, establishments that illegally served alcohol to black people. But in the 1930s, new instruments were added to marabi including banjos, guitar, and concertinas then new styles of marabi sprung up. These included a marabi fusion called South Africa music jazz and jive, a generic term for any popular marabi style of music. Due to its popularity it becomes the latest foreign music of south Africa.

In 1933, Gallo went on to produce music in South Africa. His company, Gallo Record Company, remains the biggest and most successful label in the South Africa music industry. Acclaimed artists such as Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Solomon Linda, Miriam  Makeba, and many more pass through the recording studios.


In the pre-period of the 20th century, the Zionist Christian Zionist churches spread across South Africa. Zionist Christians used South African musical elements in their worship. So, in this way gospel music was invented in South Africa. And it also remains one of the most popular forms of South Africa music in the country today.


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